Medical care has been a constant source of anguish for some Egyptians, but they have not always faced such adversity, according to some experts.
The Associated Press reported that Egyptian doctors, nurses and other medical workers have been subjected to violence and abuse at a number of times in recent years.
The AP reported that at least two medical staff were injured at a hospital in Cairo last month after a car crashed into a group of medical workers.
An Egyptian doctor at a clinic in Alexandria told The Associated Press that the car struck the doctor in the head, chest and legs.
The car then fled the scene.
Another doctor, who works for a private clinic in the Egyptian capital, said his car was hit by a car at a checkpoint near his clinic in January.
The doctor said he was unable to retrieve the patient’s body and was left for dead.
An Associated Press journalist in Cairo reported that in the same month, two medical workers were injured while treating patients at a private hospital in the capital.
A local physician in the central Nile Delta province, which is largely controlled by the army, said at least one person was killed by an explosion in December, and two others injured when a vehicle crashed into his clinic.
“There are a lot of people who suffer,” said a doctor in charge of treating patients in the province, speaking on condition of anonymity.
“I’m not a doctor, I’m not in charge, but I am not afraid.
There are doctors everywhere.”
A local resident of the northern city of Ismailiya, who spoke on condition on anonymity, said he had seen doctors treated by unidentified assailants.
“I saw two doctors injured by the explosion of a vehicle,” the resident said.
“A third was killed when the explosion hit his house.”
The Associated States bureau chief for Cairo, Mohammed Abdel-Salam, told the AP that a hospital worker was injured by a bomb, and that another doctor was shot and killed by unidentified gunmen in a bomb attack.
Egypt’s Health Ministry said it was investigating the deaths.
The medical profession in Egypt has long been in the crosshairs of the country’s rulers.
In 2012, President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi took power with a campaign to consolidate his power.
During the past three years, he has overseen an intensification of crackdowns on the medical profession and a crackdown on protesters, particularly in the face of a U.N. report documenting widespread abuse and harassment of doctors in prisons and hospitals.
Egyptian medical groups have warned that medical care in the country is in crisis.
Last month, the American Medical Association said that “a lack of access to medical care is holding back progress in many communities.”
The AP cited a report by the U.S. Agency for International Development that said that the number of primary care doctors has dropped from 1.2 million in 2006 to 1.1 million in 2015.
In 2016, the AP reported, the number dropped to 1 million.
The United Nations health agency has also warned that the country has the highest maternal mortality rate among Arab states, which ranks 12th in the world.
In February, the World Health Organization called on the Egyptian government to stop treating women who are pregnant with fetuses as if they are sick.
In recent months, medical officials in Egypt have faced criticism for allowing female nurses and doctors to work outside the bounds of the medical care system, particularly at home.
In June, the Egyptian Medical Association called on officials to make it easier for women to leave home to take care of their babies, especially in rural areas, because they often cannot afford to leave the house.
The Egyptian Medical Union also urged the government to end “inappropriate treatment” of pregnant women.